2021年02月18日に初出の投稿

Last modified: 2021-02-18

In this chapter, we address the perennial question of what is citizen science? by asking the related question, why is it challenging to define citizen science? Over the past decade and a half, we have seen the emergence of typologies, definitions, and criteria for qualifying citizen science. Yet, citizen science as a field seems somewhat resistant to obeying a limited set of definitions and instead attracts discussions about what type of activities and practices should be included in it. We explore how citizen science has been defined differently, depending on the context. We do that from a particularly European perspective, where the variety of national and subnational structures has also led to a diversity of practices. Based on this background, we track trade-offs linked to the prioritisation of these different objectives and aims of citizen science. Understanding these differences and their origin is important for practitioners and policymakers. We pay attention to the need for definitions and criteria for specific contexts and how people in different roles can approach the issue of what is included in a specific interpretation of citizen science.

What Is Citizen Science? The Challenges of Definition

software engineering というのは多分に citizen science の実態があると思うし、日本でも考古学や民俗学はアマチュアの寄与も大きい。ただ、この手の話は establishment なり制度という概念を抜きにしては、たんなるアカデミズムからの自意識プレイに回収されるか、あるいは昨今の流行でもある「独立研究者」とやらの野放図な正当化という小文字の政治に利用されるため、慎重な扱いが必要だろう。そういう意味で科学哲学のプロパーが取り組んでもいいわけだが、さりとて科学哲学のプロパーの大半は社会科学の素養がないため、イデオロギー論争や何らかのスケベ根性からは逃れている STS の研究者との共同作業が望ましい。

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